Richard Altman

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<p><b>Richard Altmann</b> (12 March 1852 &ndash; 8 December 1900) was a German <a class="mw-redirect" title="Pathologist" href=";>pathologist</a> and <a class="mw-redirect" title="Histologist" href=";>histologist</a> (<a class="mw-redirect" title="Biological tissue" href=";>tissue</a> researcher) from <a title="Iława" href=";>Deutsch Eylau</a> in the <a title="Province of Prussia" href=";>Province of Prussia</a>. He studied medicine in <a title="Greifswald" href=";>Greifswald</a>, <a title="K&ouml;nigsberg" href=";>K&ouml;nigsberg</a>, <a title="Marburg" href=";>Marburg</a>, and <a class="mw-redirect" title="Giessen" href=";>Giessen</a>, and earned his doctorate at the <a title="University of Giessen" href=";>University of Giessen</a> in 1877. Afterwards, he was a <a title="Prosector" href=";>prosector</a> at <a title="Leipzig" href=";>Leipzig</a>, and in 1887 became a professor (extraordinary) of <a title="Anatomy" href=";>anatomy</a>. He died in <a title="Hubertusburg" href=";>Hubertusburg</a> in 1900 from a nervous disorder.</p> <p>Altmann is known for his work involving <a title="Cell theory" href=";>cell theory</a> and structure. In his study of animal cells, he investigated small granules in the <a title="Protoplasm" href=";>protoplasm</a> of the cell. He called these particles- <i>bioblasts</i>, which he postulated were elementary organisms that had <a class="mw-redirect" title="Metabolic" href=";>metabolic</a> and <a title="Genetics" href=";>genetic</a> autonomy. Today Altmann's bioblasts are known as <a class="mw-redirect" title="Mitochondria" href=";>mitochondria</a>. In 1890 Altmann published his findings in a treatise named <i>Die Elementarorganismen</i> (The Elementary Organism), which was met with skepticism by many in the scientific community.</p> <p>Altmann is credited for coining the term &quot;<a title="Nucleic acid" href=";>nucleic acid</a>&quot;, in exchange for <a title="Friedrich Miescher" href=";>Friedrich Miescher</a>'s (1844-1895) <i>nuclein</i>, when it was demonstrated that nuclein had acidic properties. Altmann also developed an histological stain which consists of <a title="Picric acid" href=";>picric acid</a>, <a title="Aniline" href=";>aniline</a>, and acid <a class="mw-redirect" title="Fuchsin" href=";>fuchsin</a>, and is used for <a title="Staining" href=";>staining</a> mitochondria crimson against a yellow background.</p> <h2><span id="Literary_works" class="mw-headline">Literary works</span></h2> <ul> <li><i>&Uuml;ber Nucleins&auml;uren</i>. Archiv f&uuml;r Anatomie und Physiologie. Physiologische Abteilung. Leipzig, 1889, 524-536.</li> <li><i>Zur Geschichte der Zelltheorien</i> (The History of Cell Theories) . Ein Vortrag. Leipzig, 1889.</li> <li><i>Die Elementarorganismen</i>, 1890</li> </ul> <h2><span id="References" class="mw-headline">References</span></h2> <ul> <li><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href=";><i>Richard Altmann</i></a> @ <a class="mw-redirect" title="Who Named It" href=";>Who Named It</a></li> <li><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href=";>Mitochondrial Medicine Center</a> The Mitochondrion</li> </ul>

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