Richard Altman

From Bioblast_org

Jump to: navigation, search


Page Is Unavailable Due To Site Maintenance, Please Visit Reserve Copy Page


CLICK HERE


<p><b>Richard Altmann</b> (12 March 1852 &ndash; 8 December 1900) was a German <a class="mw-redirect" title="Pathologist" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pathologist&quot;>pathologist</a> and <a class="mw-redirect" title="Histologist" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Histologist&quot;>histologist</a> (<a class="mw-redirect" title="Biological tissue" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biological_tissue&quot;>tissue</a> researcher) from <a title="Iława" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/I%C5%82awa&quot;>Deutsch Eylau</a> in the <a title="Province of Prussia" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Province_of_Prussia&quot;>Province of Prussia</a>. He studied medicine in <a title="Greifswald" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greifswald&quot;>Greifswald</a>, <a title="K&ouml;nigsberg" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/K%C3%B6nigsberg&quot;>K&ouml;nigsberg</a>, <a title="Marburg" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marburg&quot;>Marburg</a>, and <a class="mw-redirect" title="Giessen" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giessen&quot;>Giessen</a>, and earned his doctorate at the <a title="University of Giessen" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/University_of_Giessen&quot;>University of Giessen</a> in 1877. Afterwards, he was a <a title="Prosector" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prosector&quot;>prosector</a> at <a title="Leipzig" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leipzig&quot;>Leipzig</a>, and in 1887 became a professor (extraordinary) of <a title="Anatomy" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anatomy&quot;>anatomy</a>. He died in <a title="Hubertusburg" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hubertusburg&quot;>Hubertusburg</a> in 1900 from a nervous disorder.</p> <p>Altmann is known for his work involving <a title="Cell theory" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cell_theory&quot;>cell theory</a> and structure. In his study of animal cells, he investigated small granules in the <a title="Protoplasm" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protoplasm&quot;>protoplasm</a> of the cell. He called these particles- <i>bioblasts</i>, which he postulated were elementary organisms that had <a class="mw-redirect" title="Metabolic" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metabolic&quot;>metabolic</a> and <a title="Genetics" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genetics&quot;>genetic</a> autonomy. Today Altmann's bioblasts are known as <a class="mw-redirect" title="Mitochondria" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitochondria&quot;>mitochondria</a>. In 1890 Altmann published his findings in a treatise named <i>Die Elementarorganismen</i> (The Elementary Organism), which was met with skepticism by many in the scientific community.</p> <p>Altmann is credited for coining the term &quot;<a title="Nucleic acid" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nucleic_acid&quot;>nucleic acid</a>&quot;, in exchange for <a title="Friedrich Miescher" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Friedrich_Miescher&quot;>Friedrich Miescher</a>'s (1844-1895) <i>nuclein</i>, when it was demonstrated that nuclein had acidic properties. Altmann also developed an histological stain which consists of <a title="Picric acid" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Picric_acid&quot;>picric acid</a>, <a title="Aniline" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aniline&quot;>aniline</a>, and acid <a class="mw-redirect" title="Fuchsin" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fuchsin&quot;>fuchsin</a>, and is used for <a title="Staining" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Staining&quot;>staining</a> mitochondria crimson against a yellow background.</p> <h2><span id="Literary_works" class="mw-headline">Literary works</span></h2> <ul> <li><i>&Uuml;ber Nucleins&auml;uren</i>. Archiv f&uuml;r Anatomie und Physiologie. Physiologische Abteilung. Leipzig, 1889, 524-536.</li> <li><i>Zur Geschichte der Zelltheorien</i> (The History of Cell Theories) . Ein Vortrag. Leipzig, 1889.</li> <li><i>Die Elementarorganismen</i>, 1890</li> </ul> <h2><span id="References" class="mw-headline">References</span></h2> <ul> <li><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.whonamedit.com/doctor.cfm/179.html&quot;><i>Richard Altmann</i></a> @ <a class="mw-redirect" title="Who Named It" href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Who_Named_It&quot;>Who Named It</a></li> <li><a rel="nofollow" class="external text" href="http://www.mitomed.se/html_pages/MMC_Mitochondria.html&quot;>Mitochondrial Medicine Center</a> The Mitochondrion</li> </ul>

Personal tools